Chinese Medicine and Your Health
What Is Chinese Herbal Medicine?
Chinese Herbal Medicine is one of the therapeutic methods of Classical Chinese Medicine. Classical Chinese Medicine is a 2200 year old written tradition, created by the literate intelligentsia of ancient China. The people that invented paper, silk, gunpowder, and the compass, also developed a system of medicine that reached a high level by the Han dynasty.
Chinese Herbal medicine treats the roots and symptoms of disease with what are premodern drugs–natural substances that include herbs, but also minerals and animal products from dried earthworm and cuttlefish bone to dear antler and dried lizard. The use of Chinese Herbs is used in China together with Acupuncture, Cupping, Moxabustion, Cupping, Scraping, Bloodletting, Massage, Diet Therapies, Meditation and Self Cultivation practices to treat all the diseases we use BioMedicine for.
How does Chinese Medicine Differ from BioMedicine?
Chinese Medicine is a premodern system of Medicine that, like BioMedicine, is rational, logical, and systematic. It has its own language for describing diseases and the underlying imbalances that cause disease. We have a rational system of describing these imbalances which we call the “pattern of disharmony.”
How We Make a Diagnosis in Chinese Medicine
We diagnosis your underlying pattern with a system that involves
- looking at your face, your body shape, and especially your tongue shape, size, color, coating, and distinguishing marks
- feeling the qualities of the pulse at different positions on the two wrists
- listening to the quality of your voice and your breathing
- noticing any particular odors such as sour breath
- asking a series of questions about your sleep, appetite, digestion, elimination, menstrual cycle, and the history of your pain or disease.
Treatment then follows the pattern we discover through this process. We always strive treat the causes of your disorder and not just the symptoms. And treatment is personalized, its always designed to match the needs of a specific individual in a specific point in time.
Why Choose Chinese Herbal Medicine?
While BioMedicine is excellent at surgery, and saving your life from severe trauma, its hamstrung by its very strengths.
Since the invention of the microscope and miracle drugs in the 1940s, the emphasis in Western medicine has been on the disease, and not the person the disease occurs in. This has led to real shortsightedness. A classic example is the prescription of diabetes or cholesterol drugs without first referring to nutritionists for lessons in diet change.
Chinese Medicine, on the other hand, treats the whole person. It is based on prevention, and is interested in treating the roots of disease and not only the symptoms. In the case of tension headache, for example, we might
- do Acupuncture and Massage to release accumulated tension in the Muscles and Fascia of the jaw, head, and neck; to give you the experience of deep relaxation
- do Acupuncture to release Liver Qi stasis and move Liver Wind out of the upper body, another words to calm and cool the nervous system
- Give you Chinese Herb formulas for migraine or tension headache that systematically change the way your body produces muscular tension in the head
- help you organize improved stress management skills, or refer you to someone that can, depending on your case of course.
Biomedicine, on the other hand, will have a treatment that is solely drug based. And the worse the headache pain the stronger the drugs. If you are lucky, and that is a big if; at a place like Kaiser, they might refer you to the pain management clinic, eventually, after months of drugs, where they will try and teach you to notice how you carry tension in your muscles with biofeedback.
The Classics of Chinese Medicine
The Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor–Chinese Medical Theory
The “Bible” of Chines Medical theory dates to somewhere between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E.. This is called the Huangdi Neijing 黃帝內經 or, Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor dates. It describes everything from how the Acupuncture channels work and where to puncture them to Living with the Seasons and the use of foods to prevent disease. This is the theory we have inherited and still use.
The Shang Han Lun–The Beginning of Classical Herbal Formulas
The Bible of Chinese Herbal Medicine is called the Shang Han Lun, 傷寒論 or Treatise on “Cold Damage” Disease from the same period. The Shang Han Lun and its companion,The Jin Gui Yao Lue, 金櫃要略, Essentials of the Golden Cabinet, together form a clinical textbook that describes over 200 herbal formulas, more than 100 of which are still regularly in use today.
Over the millennia, and into modern times, literate medical professionals employed by the Emperors amassed thousands of case studies. Part of our education as Chinese Medicine physicians, is learning from real life case studies with their successes and failures. This is how you begin to learn how to prescribe Chinese herbs. Its how you learn which prescriptions to use for which diseases and how to switch herbal formulas at the right time.
What Do Chinese Herb Formulas Look Like?
You may notice I keep using the words “formula” and “prescription” when discussing Chinese herbs. That’s because we rarely use herbs by themselves, as is done in Western Herbology, where you might take Echinacea for this, or Ginger for that.
Used As Groups of Herbs
In Chinese Medicine we used herbs in groups of from 5 to 15 herbs together at the same time. This enables us to do a few things at once:
- Do No Harm–Minimize Side Effects of Strong Medicines
- Treat the Symptoms–Use the combination of medicines that will eliminate symptoms fastest
- Treat the Causes–Match the Prescription to the underlying Pattern causing the disease
- Treat the Individual–Match the prescription to the individual person in which the underlying pattern is causing disease symptoms
An Example: Xiao Chai Hu Tang in a case of Premenstrual Acne with Irritability
For example, if I were treating someone with hormonal Acne that increases Premenstrually along with irritability and constipation, I might use one of the formulas from the above mentioned Shang Han Lun, called Xiao Chai Hu Tang.
Xiao Chai Hu Tang contains herbs to relieve the Liver depression and Qi stagnation that is creating the pathological heat that’s rising up to her face and causing acne. It also has an herb to dry the dampness associated with the acne. And it contains herbs to to strengthen the digestive process, often overheated or weakened in cases of acne. Great.
How to Modify a Formula for a Specific Person
But what’s missing from Xiao Chai Hu Tang is something to address the constipation in this patient. So I might add an herb that acts as a lubricant if the bowels are dry, or that increases the urge to go, if they are not dry. Sometimes I wont need to do this because relieving the Qi stagnation will be enough.
If this patient is very irritable premenstrually, and loses her temper badly, then I will add another herb to calm her nervous system. Which herb I choose will be a function of what I find by looking at her tongue, by feeling her pulse, by noticing any unpleasant odors like bad breath, and by asking a series of questions about her sleep, appetite, digestion, elimination, mood, and the pattern of her menstrual cycle through the whole month.
Mixing Chinese Herbs with Foods in Cooking
There is a long history of cooking Chinese herbs with food, both to treat disease, generally in the form of nursing back to health with medicinal foods.
We cook herbs with foods, especially for their tonic, or strengthening effect, one of the famous ones being Chicken Bone Broth with Chinese Herbs. Another great one is American Ginseng cooked with Pear and Daikon to nourish and protect the Lung Qi
Relationship between Chinese Herbal Medicine and Ancient Chinese Philosophy
Chinese Medicine is rooted in ancient Chinese philosophy. Its shares concepts with both Taoism, such as the idea of Yin and Yang, and Confucionism, like the idea of natural order.
While modern bio-medicine views disease as an enemy to be conquered and defeated, rooted out with surgery, or poisoned with drugs (which, to be fair, works really well for diseases like cancer), Chinese medicine is based on therapies that strengthen the body’s ability to fight disease on its own.
If, God forbid, someone I knew had cancer, I would definitely recommend they follow BioMedicine for treatment, but as BioMedicine offers nothing for recovery from the effects of Chemo and Radiation therapy, I would offer them Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture for the recovery phase of healing. Our tonic herbs are absolutely amazing for the recovery from serious illnesses from cancer to chronic fatigue.
Chinese Medicine Views Human Beings the Way Organic Gardeners View Plants and the Soil They Grow In
Every human being is seen as a unique terrain with its own particular eco-system. The doctor is a gardener working hand-in-hand with the patient on the soil, using acupuncture and herbs like irrigation and compost, building a plant that is healthy and able to fight disease. This is the opposite of the Western medical view in which the body is a sum of mechanical parts, to be replaced or treated at most exact micro level. There are times when surgical and drug intervention is necessary.
But in America today there is a renaissance of interest in the natural methods that were jettisoned along with many other good things as the country turned Science into its modern religion with doctors dressed in white coats speaking Latin as the new priests. As our nation of immigrants turned their backs on “grandmother wisdom” and ethnic and family traditions, suddenly the media and people with Ph.d.’s became the new authorities telling us how to think, live, and die.
As a result, there are tens of thousands of unnecessary surgical procedures each year in this country, while millions of people are being administered drugs, without being informed of their toxic side effects. According to one recent scientific study, our country spent over two million dollars last year in doctor-caused illness, one of the leading causes of death is from the side effects of drugs. Large number of people could be helped, gently, safely, and elegantly with Chinese Medicine, if they only knew.
Chinese Herbal Medicine Is Natural, Safe, Effective, and Free of Side Effects
It excels at the treatment of the degenerative diseases that characterize our sedentary, but long lived lifestyles in the west. And, unlike Western medicine, it is an antidote to stress and has the same beneficial effects as meditation and yoga on the body. Chinese medicine successfully treats internal medicine disease, gynecology or Women’s Health, respiratory disease, digestive disorders, infectious disease, dermatalogical complaints, and both acute and chronic pain conditions. . It is effective in pediatrics as well as gerontology.
Diagnosis in Chinese Herbal Medicine
Over the millenia Chinese physicians developed a very effective and scientific (empirical) model for assessing health and disease. Practitioners assess a person’s health by feeling the quality of the pulses at each wrist, and by observing the color and form of the face, tongue, body, voice, and manner of expression. This information gleaned from looking, touching, listening, and smelling (The Four Pillars of Diagnosis) is integrated with an elaborate series of questions (asking, or The Ten Questions) about digestion, elimination, sleep, mood, body temp, pain sensations, menstrual cycle, relationships, work habits, living habits, and prior health history that, considered together, portray the specific expression of health and disease that manifest in a given individual at a specific moment in time.
This specific expression of illness in an individual is called the Pattern of Disharmony, called Bian Zheng in Chinese Herbal Medicine. Each specific Bian Zheng corresponds to a specific base therapeutic protocol of acupuncture, herbal formula, diet and or lifestyle modification that is, in turn, specially tailored to accommodate and improve the individual’s unique ecology and terrain.
Diagnosis and Treatment in Chinese Medicine
This specific expression of illness in an individual is called the Pattern of Disharmony, Bian Zheng in Chinese Medicine. Each specific Bian Zheng corresponds to a specific base therapeutic protocol of acupuncture, herbal formula, diet and or lifestyle modification that is, in turn, specially tailored to accommodate and improve the individual’s unique ecology and terrain.
Consider, for example, two people with the bio-med defined disease of Asthma. One, is a happy-go-lucky, overweight, red-faced, 45 year old man (think: Friar Tuck from Robin Hood) with an excessive appetite, a frequent craving for iced beverages, but with reasonable elimination, sleep and rather oily skin. His tongue is swollen and red with a greasy yellow coating. His pulse is bounding and slippery. His blood pressure is slightly high and his voice is louder than it needs to be for the room he is in. He laughs a lot during the interview and his body odor is quite strong. His asthma involves a great deal of phlegm that he is constantly spitting up, as well as wheezing and difficulty grasping breath. He asthma is also worse after eating when the natural dampness of food and drink pushes the phlegm damp in his lungs upwards. .
The other asthmatic is an anxious, nervous, underweight 31year old woman with dark rings under her sad-looking eyes, dry skin and hair, fatigue, poor appetite and a tendency towards constipation. Her tongue is shrunken and red with many cracks and is dry and without coating. Her pulse is fine, rapid, and weak, and her voice soft and uncertain.
She is always cold, even though her tongue is red, which demonstrates some kind of heat somewhere…She has difficulty answering questions about herself and exhibits a somewhat flattened affect. Her menstrual periods are brief, painful, and lighter than normal. Her asthma, which began in childhood, is worse at nighttime, during times of emotional stress, when she is restless or when she suffers heart palpitations. She does not have much phlegm in the lungs that can be observed. But she has a chronic dry cough with wheezing, and gasping for breath.She has a history of bedwetting until age 8.
While these two patients both have the same “disease” named Asthma in Bio-Medicine, their diagnoses in Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCM) are quite different. Chinese Medicine describes each of these patients as having signs and symptoms of “heat.” But patient number One has a full heat–he is a strong type, not weak, nor sensitive. He is overly hot, his face is red, he craves iced drinks. He has accumulated too much fluid, he is overweight, he as oily skin, his tongue and pulse show internal accumulation of dampness and heat. His symptoms are a function of “too much of the wrong thing in the wrong place”. Too much heat and too much moisture is being produced by his natural body type and by his lifestyle.
Case Number two on the other hand is a weak, sensitive type, with low energy, who is cold and dry. She actually lacks fire–weak appetite and depression along with feeling always cold. What she has is “not enough of the right thing in the right place.” Her Lung Qi is weak and not grasping the air well, that is the immediate cause of her problem , her Yin and Yang are both damaged. She is weak and cold and dry. She does not have enough Qi-energy, her fluids are not making it to the skin or lungs, and she does not have sufficient fire to give emotional drive or even a strong appetite. She is not going to become a General or a dictator.
Case Number Two is a function of what Chinese Herbal Medicine diagnosis calls Vacuity or Empty heat with Yin vacuity and lack of fluids.In her case the heat and dryness is a function of the weakness of the mechanism that keeps the surfaces of the body moist and cool, the Yin…At the same time the Qi that circulates in the Lungs is weak, so the Lung Qi is “rebellious.” Its not grasping well. Both have additional complicating factors that will be addressed by their individual acupuncture treatment and herb formulas.
So while both have what Chinese Herbal Medicine calls wheezing and panting, each has a different pattern of disharmony (Bien Zheng) that is at the root of their disease called Asthma by modern bio-medicine, and “wheezing and panting” in the nomenclature of traditional Chinese medicine.
Each of these two patterns of disharmony is seen in Chinese medicine as emblematic of the soil in which the disease has taken root. Whether the important factors have been genetics, diet, or lifestyle, the pattern of disharmony is the rubric upon which the treatment is based. Different pattern different treatment: different acupuncture, herbal medicine, dietary therapy.
Treatment in Chinese Herbal Medicine
Each of these patients, then, will require a treatment that addresses not only their symptom of Asthma, but as their unique underlying pattern of imbalance that makes them susceptible to asthma. As a result, if each of these patients is treated successfully, not only will their asthma improve, but so will their general health. The first patient will become less overheated and phlegmatic and the second patient will become find herself less nervous and constipated. Her sleep will improve and her skin become moister. Her periods will also become fuller and less painful.
Patient number one’s tongue should become less greasy and red, while number two’s will become moister and develop of healthy coat.
As mentioned above, there are in Chinese medicine an existing repertoire of acupuncture and herb formulas and for each of these Bian Zheng or Patterns of Disharmony. The skill of the individual physician involves,
A) diagnosing the correct pattern in the first place
B) knowing which formulas suit that pattern
C) modifying that formula to suit the specific needs of the individual patient at a given moment in time.
Even the acupuncture treatment, herbal formula, and dietary advice given to a patient on day one of treatment will need to be adjusted as the patient makes progress or suffers setbacks. Moreover, disease has many layers. One moment the doctor must attack the “disease evil,” the next moment she must support the patient’s “righteous qi”, yin, or yang. The careful physician adjusts the treatment as the patient’s signs and symptoms change.
The ultimate and underlying goal of treatment in Chinese medicine is to unblock the stagnation of the life force, and to adjust and harmonize the Yin and Yang as it manifests in the physical body–moisture and dryness, cold and heat, tension and slackness, hardness and softness, strength and weakness. This is achieved by regulating the “Qi, Blood, and Fluids” in the energy networks connected to each of the internal organs. Weakness is strengthened, congestion and accumulation are unblocked and dispersed, agitation is calmed, heat cooled, coldness warmed, dryness moistened, and dampness drained.
In the case of the above two patients, for example, in both cases acupuncture and herbs would be used to stop wheezing and panting and clear heat from the body. However, in case A, we would also seek to drain dampness and dry phlegm, while in case B, we would work on strengthening the function of those organs most important for producing blood and nourishing the yin. At the same time we would attempt to immediately moisten dryness and calm the mind.
Chinese Medical Dietary and Lifestyle Therapy
Person A would be prescribed a diet (see Dietary Counseling) of very limited animal fat, high in grains that promote diuresis like barley and rice, and increased bitter green vegetables that help eliminate dampness and cool heat. Green tea would be substituted for cappucinos to eliminate dampness, while refined sugars would be limited to an occasional treat. Aerobic exercise would certainly be prescribed for this person as well, and Yogic breathing practices introduced to stimulate the qi and move the dampness.
Person B on the other hand, would be prescribed a diet of more moistening foods, like rice and lentils cooked with dried apricots, and vegetables and tofu cooked gently with olive oil. An essential fatty acid supplement like Flax seed oil would be suggested, and fruit consumption increased to clear heat and moisten dryness. Breathing and meditation or Tai Qi would be prescribed for this patient to nourish the yin and calm the mind.
BodyMind Medicine includes the Heart, Feelings, or Mind.
The Chinese herbal medicine doctor would note patient B’s shyness and flattened affect and take this, as well as her restlessness at night, into account when formulating her acupuncture and herbal prescriptions. Gentle discussion might be relied upon to draw the patient out and see if there are any deeper emotional problems that will necessitate referral for counseling or psychotherapy.
Duration of treatment in Chinese Medicine depends on the severity and duration of the illness.
Simple injuries and illnesses can often resolve after 2 to 6 acupuncture treatments and a week or two of herbal therapy. Many illnesses and injuries are resolved in 6 to 14 treatments over the course of one to three months. More serious illnesses may require two or three courses of treatment, that is 12 or even 18 treatments over 3 to 9 months. It is sometimes said that in the case of chronic complaints, one month of treatment is needed for each year of disorder. One thing is clear, however. One should begin to see some improvement in symptoms, or at the least, increased sense of well-being after the first or second visit.
Herbal therapy can last from three days to a year or two, depending on the nature of the illness.
One can head off a cold or migraine headache by taking one or two doses of herbs. On the other hand, for example, in the case of uterine fibroids, one might take herbs for 6 months to a year or year and 1/2.
Frequency of treatment.
Acupuncture treatments are generally once or twice per week in the beginning, tapering off after 4-6 weeks. A typical course of treatment, whereby we finish one aspect of therapy and move to another, is 8 to 14 visits of acupuncture over a two to three month period.
Qi cultivating exercises, like Tai Qi, Yoga, Breathing and Meditation
are an integral part of Chinese medical treatment, especially for stress, tension, and emotionally or psychologically induced or affected disorders. Of course Qi cultivation is an integral part of achieving radiant health and longevity.
Healing is a process and not a pill. The greatest healing comes when the patient is actively involved in the cure. While the physician can act as a gardener to the body and soul, it is the patient herself that has the greatest power for gardening in the mind. It is said in Chinese Medicine that “the mind leads the qi.” This means that, just as polluted air and toxic foods can damage the qi, so too can toxic thoughts or a toxic mind.
One could eat all the great healthy food one wants, but if at the same time one were consumed by jealously, hatred, and greed, there is a good chance indigestion would result. Chronic indigestion will lead to an chronic inability to gain nutrition from food. The result will be weakness, dampness, and heat.
Chronic worry and a restless mind are great sources for disease. When the mind is not calm, the qi is overactive and overheats; when there is constant frustration, the qi stops moving and stagnates. In fact any emotion, in excess, will have specific affects on the qi, causing disease if left unabated over time.
Mental health in Chinese medicine means the experience and expression of emotions in a degree that is appropriate to the situation. If your loved one were, God forbid, to die, it would be natural to be sad and angry and even fearful. If ten years later, you were experiencing those feelings at the same level as when the beloved passed away, that would be the energetic groundwork for disease
Just as stretching, strengthening and aerobics are essential for a fit body, meditation is exercise for the mind. A consistent meditation practice of some kind can give us the strength and awareness to process our emotions healthfully, to be aware of our feelings when we feel them. Meditation practice gives us the inner calm that enables us to dance skillfully with life’s circumstances, from a long line at the bank when you are in a hurry, to the ultimate challenge, facing death.
Our society is very “Yang.” That means it is characterized by constant movement, activity, bright lights, 24 hour communications networks, a beeper or cell phone in every pocket. Everything is about speed, individualism, and instant gratification. This has its value, but it is also consonant with the types of stress-induced diseases that are prevelant. Years ago, I gave a lecture at Quallcomm. The H.R. person asked me to speak on treatment for headaches, as her computer anaylsis showed that was the most frequent reason why her employees were going to the doctor.
That is not a mystery.
According to Chinese medicine, we should balance this Yang nature of our culture with Yin activity. That is activity that is by nature quiescent, cool, and still. That which draws us inwards, like meditating on a wooden pier in the center of a small pond in the middle of a redwood grove on a full moon evening. While you may not have the chance to journey north, that pond in the grove is inside you, all you need is to set aside the time and space.
Chinese Herbal Medicine Articles
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Diet and Nutrition in TCM Articles
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I got to thinking about Goji Berries in Chinese Herbal Medicine recently, when someone wrote in to ask whether Goji berries are best eaten raw or cooked? The following is my response to the following question sent in. Eyton, I received a box of dried fructus lycii,...
The people ask: are Goji berries best eaten raw or cooked? This is my response to the following question sent in. Eyton, I received a box of dried fructus lycii, (goji berries)from a friend and on the back of the box it says ‘this product needs to clean and cook...
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Tonight it was quite cold for San Diego and I walked to my friend's house and then we went out again, so when we came back in I made an Ayurveda winter tea. We put on a small kettle and I placed in the tea pot: Fresh Ginger Slices, 5 Cloves 4 Cassia Twig 1 inch,...
Are Energy Drinks like Red Bull good for you? Informative article today in NY Times today on energy drinks. One of the operative quotes: "...one thing is clear, interviews with researchers and a review of scientific studies show: the energy drink industry is based on...
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